IOM: Mediterranean Migrant Crisis
Due to desperate conditions in North and Sub-Saharan Africa, thousands of migrants have been forced to flee their homes and commence dangerous journeys across the Mediterranean on makeshift boats. They land in Southern European countries, intending to travel within the EU to find new homes. According to the UNHCR, Italy alone has received nearly 200,000 migrants from North Africa this year, displacing citizens and increasing pressure on local communities. Sending these refugees back to their countries of origin would be a death sentence, as they face religious persecution, famine, and civil war, but cannot remain in the countries where they landed, which are unable to handle the overwhelming amount of people. Delegates will address how the UN will help countries handle the influx of migrants. Will they have to be sent back? Will countries commit to taking in a certain number of people? How will they be resettled?