From the colorful masks of the Songhai Empire to the intricate stone calendars of the ancient Aztec civilization, historical artifacts are important cultural symbols for countries around the world, holding deep social, religious, and political significance. However, such artifacts are often located in destabilized regions where they may face destruction, defamation, or theft. Thus, the simple question stands: should these artifacts remain in their country of origin or be taken to the safety of museums in more stable, developed countries? The answer, however, is anything but simple as the safety of artifacts is just one of the many issues in this debate. Problems with the ethics of colonization arise as well, especially with countries such as France and the UK who have distinct imperial histories of looting displaying many of these items. Smuggling and black market trading of cultural artifacts also remains a prevalent problem in the international community. Questions of government corruption, underground art dealing, and intellectual property rights arise with even the world’s most famous artifacts, including the Rosetta Stone and King Tutankhamun’s funerary mask. In this committee, delegates will touch on all these topics as they seek to find permanent solutions to the world’s most pressing cultural property problems.